Angular is a free, open-source framework by Google that works for both desktop and mobile devices. It is an advanced modular framework for frontend development. To use it a developer simply imports the necessary Angular modules into his project.
Angular is known for its flexibility. This is why Angular 1.x versions are still relevant. However, many developers use Angular 2+ these days because of the framework’s MVC architecture, which has changed significantly towards a component-based architecture.
Anyone who wants to use Angular will have to face some difficulties when mastering this framework. So, to create Angular applications, it is necessary to use TypeScript. Despite the possible inconveniences, this state of affairs has its advantages. In particular, it increases the reliability of applications through advanced type control, which gives the programmer additional development tools.
Thus, the learning curve of Angular includes getting familiar with TypeScript. However, there are quite some reasons for using it:
- it is cross-platform, it includes progressive web apps, native mobile apps, and desktop
- it assures speed and performance
- it has filters, two-way data binding, directives, and more
- it has full support from Google and therefore a strong community of developers behind
The Webix UI library is an easy and fast UI library with numerous JS components. The main concepts of it are performance, design, and functionality. The library has 100+ widgets and ready-made SPA applications. It offers high-speed programming thanks to its simple and concise object-oriented code. Besides, Webix shows the best rendering speed according to the study of Bryntum specialists. The excellent material design is obtained out of the box, without the need for configuration and customization. All Webix widgets fit together perfectly, which saves a lot of working hours for the developers.
Webix is a good choice for both juniors and seniors, as it provides a quick learning process of material design and sophisticated implementation of modern UI development practices. However, Webix is not an ideal solution if you are developing a hybrid mobile application.
A list of nice Webix features includes:
- complex widgets, or SPA applications for solving application problems
- extra tools for developers, like Code Snippet, Skin Builder, Form Builder, and UI Designer
- short learning curve
- templates library
However, to flexibly use React in the web projects development, it is necessary to learn a lot of additional tools. For example, Redux, MobX, Fluxy, Fluxible, refluxjs.
React is used by the likes of Netflix, Airbnb, Instagram, and the New York Times, to name a few.
Reasons for choosing React to power your next project include:
- small API, which guarantees a short learning curve
- stable and reusable components, that are a breeze to create and maintain using the API’s declarative syntax
- strong community support
- the library can render on the server using Node.js, and on mobile apps with React Native
Here are some of Vue’s strongest points:
- progressive integration. It easily scales from a library to a full-fledged framework.
- small size and super-fast virtual DOM.
- helpful community, which makes it a stable framework.
- great documentation.
The components include an HTML5 calendar, grids, trees, lists, forms, menus, toolbars, and much more.
Ext JS is a reliable framework that comes with outstanding docs, tutorials, and support packages. Advantages of Ext JS are the following:
- fast and smooth development. The integration between an enterprise framework and components and tools is seamless.
- comprehensive set of secure components.
- great design capabilities due to included integrated tools.
- awesome unit and end-to-end testing tools with Sencha Test.
- a layout manager. The display of data and content across different browsers and screen sizes is easily configured.
- easy to achieve accessibility compliance with the Ext JS ARIA package.
- a robust data package that decouples the UI components from the data layer.
Syncfusion develops its widgets for everything. There are about 80 different controls to create anything the project may need. The library specializes in .NET, web, and mobile components for enterprise software including native Blazor and Xamarin, plus fast tools for Angular, React, & Vue. With Syncfusion, developers can move beyond simply coding applications to delivering real business innovation in the formats the customers may demand.
Here are some of the strong sides:
- mobile widgets, that support AngularJS, AngluarJS 2, Aurelia, ReactJS
- the code can be written in HTML+JS, TypeScript, PHP, ASP.NET, ASP Web Forms
- mobile devices are integrated with Ionic and Xamarin framework
- DashBoard package with a Whisywig report editor allows you to construct tables and graphs and link them to real data
- short learning curve
Backbone is an easy-to-use framework that allows you to quickly develop single-page applications. Among the auxiliary tools used in conjunction with Backbone.js, you can observe Chaplin, Marionette, Thorax. The Backbone library includes events, models, collections, views, and a router. If you need to develop an application that users belonging to different groups will work with, then you can use Backbone collections (arrays) to separate models.
Perhaps, Backbone cannot be a serious competitor for other front-end development tools. However, this framework enjoys some popularity among developers due to the features of the Backbone ecosystem:
- a set of helper functions that assist you in writing cross-browser JS code
- various templating systems
- command-line tool to simplify the development process
- Marionette, Thorax, and Chaplin libraries that help you to create applications with specific architectural solutions
- Its speed. Solid outpaces Inferno, LitHTML, Svelte, Vue 3.0, React, Angular. Solid is now the fastest on the server as well. Using the Isomorphic UI Benchmark it has pulled out in front of the competition.
- Its size. When it comes to larger actual applications Solid has almost no overhead on components. Besides, it scales well.
- Its fullness. The library has enough components to satisfy the needs of any project.
- Its simplicity. Solid follows the same philosophy as React with unidirectional data flow, read/write segregation, and immutable interfaces. It just has a completely different implementation that forgoes using a Virtual DOM.
Important points about Svelte:
- Beginner-friendliness. When using it, there is no need to manipulate the DOM. You also don’t need to understand the framework-specific state wrappers.
- Backward compatibility. There is no problem integrating a widget built with a different framework to any application.
- Code separation. It is efficient because the framework is built into a very small component.
- Open-source community. Using the framework is free and a community of developers is always ready to assist.
The approach of the framework allows developers to fully create back-end and front-end in Java. Undoubtedly this framework will require developers to be more highly qualified and impose some restrictions on the system platform. But the elegant implementation of the UI library allows Java developers to create a UI layer themselves without involving front-end developers. This is a valuable competitive advantage.
Let’s look at some of the peculiarities:
- supports all common browsers on both regular computers, mobile devices, and tablets
- consists of a server API, a client API, a set of user interface components on both sides
- provides a theme engine for the interface design, and a data model that allows you to link server components directly to data